HomeHistoryGeographical location of the ancient Arabian Peninsula

Geographical location of the ancient Arabian Peninsula

Geographical position of the ancient Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is the country at the western end of the Asian mainland. girdled by natural waters, Arabia has been considered an important region of the world since ancient times. The geographical significance of the megacity of Mecca, located in Arabia, the original address of mortal agreement, isn’t less. Adverse rainfall, blankness, and harshness of nature reflected in the mood of the people of that area, but colorful aspects of hospitality, poetry practice, and war tactics gave them distinction. multitudinous societies flourished along the northern edge of the Arabian land. Egyptian, Sumerian, and Hebrew societies are among them. Besides these societies, the Greek and Roman societies of the northern Mediterranean developed. The creation of these societies shows the advanced life of the socialized people. These riverine societies contributed significantly to the development of husbandry and assiduity Geographical Position of the Ancient Arab Peninsula Geographical position and size of Arabia The motherland of Islam, the Arab country is one of the largest points in the world. It’s located in the southwest of the Asian mainland. Arabia is bounded by the Syrian Desert to the north, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Persian Gulf to the east, and the Red Sea to the west. Geographically, it’s located at the crossroads of Asia, Europe, and Africa. The soil of this country is the oldest gemstone in the world. thus, the megacity of Mecca in Arabia is called Ummul or the original megacity. At present the area of Arabia is square long hauls.( Source Hasan Ali Chowdhury, History of Islam Volume 2011) It’s one- third of Europe and one- third of America in size. The current area of Saudi Arabia is square long hauls. North Arabia has little oases in its pretense, peopled there. either, nearly the entire Arabian region is a desert. The Arab country consists of the businesses of Hay, Najd, and Al. South Arabia consists of Waramaut, Yemen, and Oman. The area is rich and in ancient times it was called Arabia Felix. Naming of Arabia chroniclers have different opinions about why Arabia was named’ Arab’. Some of the notorious bones
are described below 1. The word Arabic means’ to speak a learned and beautiful language’. Since the people of Arabia considered the people of the whole world to be’ Ajbi'( dumb, dumb) in front of their verbal knowledge, i.e. unfit to express their hearts well, they considered themselves Arabs or Arabic and other nations of the world as Azam or Azmi ie unfit to speak. Gradationally other nations of the world started calling them Arab or Arabic. As a result, they came to be known as Arabs. 2. The word Arab derives from Up Arbatu. Which means desert without vines. Since this region is a barren desert, the region is named Arabia. 3. According to numerous chroniclers, utmost of the population of Arabia belonged to Yab, a latterly assignee of Noah(A.S.), so they got the name Arab from Yab. 4. A man named Yarub Ibn Qahtan was the adventurer of the Arabic language, which is why the occupants of this region are called Arabs Get familiar. A place near the Hejaz was called Arabah. In earlier times, the people of that place were more dominant, so the whole region was called Arab. Abhar in Hebrew means desert. As utmost of the region of Arabia is desert, hence the name Abhar The region is named. latterly the word Abhar came to be known as Arab. 7. Although colorful reasons have been mentioned about the origin of Arab names in the history, Arabic- speaking people are now called Arabs is called For illustration, the Arab League is an transnational association, whose member countries have Arabic as their public language. As similar, Iran doesn’t belong to the Arab countries. Topographic Features The entire promontory was desert and barren land except for the mountains and mesas, which are divided into three corridor. videlicet Al Nufud, Ad Dahna, and Al Harrah. The northern region of Arabia with its white and red beach is known as’ Nufud’. The region is dry with little downfall in downtime. The region extending from Hazaramout in the south and Yemen in the west to Oman in the east is known as’ Al Dahna’. It’s uninhabitable in summer because of the heat, but the fertility of the land increases during the seasonal rains, making it temporarily inhabitable for the Bedouins. In other words, burnt area means the area without a township. The uneven, lava- covered, fissured rocky stormy area is called’ Early Harrah’. The nonstop mountain range along the props of the Red Sea is called the backbone of the Arab country. Its altitude ranges from 1,200 bases in the north to 10,000 bases in the south. The annalist Yakuti called the northern and central regions of Arabia Harrah. Geographical Regions According to Greek geologists, Arab countries were divided into three corridor. videlicet Desert region( Arabia Deserta), Mountain region( Arabia Petraea) and rich region( Arabia Felix). Except for the desert and mountainous regions, the rich champaigns of Arabia are divided into several businesses; For illustration, Hejaz, Yemen, Najd, Hazramaut, and Oman. Medina The motherland of Prophet Muhammad( PBUH), the author of Islam, is in the megacity of Mecca in the Hejaz fiefdom of Arabia. This fiefdom is divided into three corridor, Makkah and Taif. Located in southern Arabia, Hazramaut, Oman and Yemen is a densely peopled area and is notorious for trade and husbandry. Climate An Arab country is girdled by three swell, so it’s called the Arabian Peninsula or Jaziat al- Arab, but there are no gutters in Arabia. The climate in utmost regions is hot and dry. Nights are mild during summer in the mounds. In downtime, the temperature occasionally drops below zero degrees. The Arabian breath is veritably comfortable. The ancient muses of Arabia have sung the praises of Pubali Hawa in their runes One- third of Arabia is barren and fully uninhabitable, heat- suffering, barren, and wind- blown. still, Oman, Yemen, Taif, and Medina admit downfall twice a time. Agrarian product and climate are fairly good in all these regions. creatures Camels, nags, lamb, scapegoats, and camels have been valued as domestic creatures in Arabia since ancient times. The skin, fur, and meat of these creatures contribute significantly to their survival. The Holy Quran describes the camel as a special donation of the Arabs. piecemeal from this, pandas, leopards, hyenas, wolves, foxes, and opportunists are notable among the creatures of Arabia. Among the catcalls of prey, the eagle- jingoist is prominent. Among the well- known catcalls are crested catcalls( hudud), owls, nightingales, suckers, and a kind of pheasant called Alkata, which is known in Arabic literature. Arab husbandry Arab countries produce barley, jojoba, coffee, indigo, dates, vegetables and fruits. They’re the staple food of the Arabs. Irrespective of the rich and the poor, everyone eats dates. Palm trees are called the Queen of trees in Arab countries. It caters to the multiple requirements of residers. pulverized win seeds are fed to camels. Date juice is a favorite drink of the Bedouins. win trees, outgrowths, and filaments are used in the diurnal conditioning of Bedouins. Camels and dates, two papers of black color, are veritably precious treasures to the Bedouins. Natural coffers Natural coffers were nearly missing in Arab countries at that time. In ancient times, pure gold was set up in the Yemen region on the west seacoast of Arabia and some places in central Arabia. In addition, plums and swab were the mineral coffers of the Arabs. In the description of the mineral wealth of the Arab country in the books of the third Hijri, Maqdesi and Hamdani,” Ahsana- ut Taqasin” and” Sifate Jajiratul Arab”, citation is made of gold. According to the Greek annalist Dioscorides,” there were so numerous gold mines in the Arab countries that it wasn’t necessary to upgrade them.” Other fruits grown in the Arabian Oasis include currants, apples, almonds, oranges, failures, anchovies, watermelons, and bananas.” It was presumably the Nabateans and Jews who brought a type of tree from the north and cultivated it then,” said Professor Hitti. There’s a geographical influence on Arab livelihoods. It’s bandied below Influence on character Arab country is a country with a different geographical terrain. thus, the influence of this terrain on the life, body- mind, and character of the Arabs is immense. From birth to death, the Arabs had to constantly struggle with adverse geographical conditions and climate for survival. Hence they come tolerant, hardworking, and case. vagrant life They had to live in the hot beach of the desert, Saimum storms, low winds, mountains, and frustrations. So the Arabs were rough, violent, and ill- tempered. And food product makes them vagrant. They used to travel from one place to another in hunt of food. They used to travel in caravans for safety on the desert roads. As a result, they’re grouped. This tribalism makes the Arabs hostile to other lines. numerous times they took up sacking as a livelihood in hunt of livelihood. Independence The Arab country was free from foreign influences for a long time due to its hostile natural terrain girdled by swell on three sides. This terrain made the Arabs love freedom and republic. thus, they don’t vacillate to make any immolation for the sake of freedom. As they were sedulous, a class of Arabs engaged in trade with foreign countries to land food. Their merchandisers traded with Syria, Persia, Egypt, and the Indian key. As a result, foreign artistic influences fell on them. Arab society at that time told muses, and the practice of poetry was current. Hospitality Kindness and hospitality are great rates of Arab life. On the other hand, the occupants of countries with natural diversity also held different characters. Piety was their characteristic point. The influence of terrain on the lives of Arabs is veritably great. Because the people there were floundering for life in the geographical terrain. The Arabian Peninsula is an ancient land. People in this country have a harsh perception of life as they live a hard life in the desert. They want to survive by floundering with nature. The influence of nature on their miserable life is egregious. Historian Hitti said,” This is why the Arabs were suitable to remain free from foreign domination for centuries.” Single Task Explain the influence of terrain on the life and livelihood of Arabs.



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