Shorthand Literal meaning of Shorthand:
Shorthand English words. The Bengali term for this is Santlipi. The Sanskrit word “Shani” means signal, abbreviation, or gesture. The word “sant” is derived from the Sanskrit word “shani” and “lipi” from the writing technique. The word “Santlipi” is derived from the combination of these two words. Definition of Shorthand: Meaningful words that people use to express their thoughts are called language. Shorthand is the means of expressing human verbal language scientifically with the help of signs. That is, expressing a subject through special symbols without any change in meaning is called Shorthand. In English, “Writing a subject matter by using some specific symbols which can be read without changing its meaning is called shorthand.”
Preface to the Origin of Manuscripts: Although man has progressed step by step towards civilization by gathering daily experiences, the latest research of social scientists and anthropologists shows us that the people of primitive societies started life in very insignificant conditions. People used to live in caves in the mountains or the cracks of tree trunks. People made a living by collecting leaves, fruits, and roots. They had no language, and what they had was confined to themselves. Moreover, human life did not stop. In all the work that we are doing with today’s advanced new technology, the people of the primitive society used to meet the needs in the context of that time using special signals, they used to solve problems by exchanging ideas with each other. Special signals were the time-lost shorthand. So we can clearly say that script has been in use since ancient times. As far back as 63 BC, Tyro invented a system for recording speeches in Rome, and it was taught to the nobility in Roman schools.
Origin of Shorthand: A British writer named ‘Timothy Bright’ published the first book on shorthand in 1588 AD. Therefore, it can be said that England is the cradle of modern manuscripts. The method he invented came to be known as the ‘Bright method’. In 1602 AD ‘John Ulysses’ wrote a book in a method based on letters. In 1767, Dr. John Byron published another more popular book on shorthand.
Development of Shorthand: Then experiments continued on Shorthand. In 1837, England’s Sir Isaac Pitman (Sir Isaac Pitman) provided a complete form of phonetic transcription (Shorthand) and his invented method is scientific. It is known as the ‘Pittman Shorthand Method’. Later, American John Robert Gregg (John Robert Gregg) invented a simpler method of shorthand in 1888 and created Sarah. His method is more scientific. His method is known as the ‘Greg method’. At present these two methods are accepted all over the world as English shorthand.
History of Bengali Script: A few books of script have been published in Bangladesh following the ‘Bani Rekha’ method invented by Sri Surendranath Rakshi, the famous scriptwriter of India. Among these are ‘Bangla Script’ by Mr. Mohammad Ali Mir, ‘Bengali Sign Script’ by Mohammad Hussain, and ‘Dictionary of Modern Bengali Script’ by Md. Noor Nabi, Zainul Abedin, and Mahmud Mir, ‘Secretary Science’ by Md. Abdur Rab, Md. Abu Haris and Md. Nazrul Islam. It’s ‘secretarial science’ by Md. Yunus Howlader, ‘secretarial science’ by Mohammad Abdullah and Mohammad Abdul Hamid, ‘secretarial science’ by Mohammad Farid Hossain, ‘transcription and cursive writing (theoretical)’ is particularly noteworthy.
Multilingual Method: Professor Md. Abdul Mannan Sarkar, director of Bangladesh’s eminent freedom fighter Bogra District (NACTR), and former founder director of the National Multilingual Transcription Training and Research Academy (NOTRAMS), invented the multilingual method. And he wrote a book called A Tex Book of Multilingual Shorthand. Through this method, subtitles can be written in other languages including Bengali, English, and Arabic. This method was approved by the Government of Bangladesh in 1982. First, this book was launched as a textbook for the Diploma in Commerce in Dhaka Board. At present, it is in use as a textbook for schools and colleges of all the education boards of the country. Apart from that, this method is also in operation in various private institutions What is the number of scratches in the multilingual transcript? The multilingual text has 24 digits. The multilingual transcript is divided into how many parts? The multilingual transcript is divided into two parts. Vowels and consonants. The number of vowels is 05 and the number of consonants is 19. What does the movement of the transcript mean? The direction of the transcription is most important. The method of writing Achar is the trend. According to the movement, the movement of the chord ends where the other chords are added during the formation of the word. According to the direction of the script, the scratches are divided into how many parts? Divided into 3 parts according to the direction of the text. Namely (1) upward motion (2) downward motion (3) forward motion.
Upward: The lines written from below the line drawn in the notebook upwards are called upward lines.
Downstroke: The strokes written from the top line or the middle to the bottom line of the notebook are called downstrokes.
Front: The folds that open forward from a little above the bottom line of the copybook are called front. And 3 achars are goals. Can be written from left to right and from right to left What are the principles of transcription?